On this page, we aim to list out the numerous regressive laws on India’s statute-books. Many – but by no means all – are colonial-era creations that continue to be used by a State now sixty-seven years a free, independent, democratic republic. Some are of comparatively recent origin. All run counter to what we believe are the essential values of democracy – free expression, non-discrimination, gender-equality, personal liberty and privacy, etc.
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- S. 124A, IPC (Sedition)
- S. 153A, IPC (promoting disharmony between groups)
- S. 295A, IPC (insulting religious sentiments)
- S. 66A, IT Act
a. Neeti Nair, Beyond the Communal – tracks the history of this section, and the debates that accompanied its passage in 1927. Available here.
- S. 377, IPC (sexual intercourse against the order of nature)
- S. 375, Exception (marital rape exception)
- S. 9, Hindu Marriage Act (restitution of conjugal right)